Chemical exfoliation: What is it, and how does it work?

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Chemical exfoliation is one of the biggest trends in skin care today. And it gives tremendous results because it makes your skin smoother. In addition, it works wonders for those who suffer from acne or have spots caused by it.


If you want to learn more about this procedure and its benefits, you have come to the right place. Today at Fashion Trends, we will explain everything about chemical exfoliation and how it works exactly.


What is chemical peel exactly?


Fashion Trends and Style - Chemical exfoliation: What is it, and how does it work?

The term “chemical peel” can sound a bit confusing. Additionally, many people believe that it is an invasive treatment when it really is not. It is much simpler than you think, and you can apply it yourself at home with pharmacy products.


But let’s get to the point. Chemical exfoliation is a process that uses, as the name suggests, chemicals to remove the top layers of the skin. As a result, it is much smoother and without texture. It is recommended to treat wrinkles, acne scars, and skin color changes.


After 1 to 14 days, the skin begins to peel. This means that the chemical peel destroys some parts of the skin in a controlled way. So that new skin can grow in various places on the face.


Therefore, there are several types of chemical peels with different strength levels. We advise you to start with the least strong one to test that it does not hurt you.


One of the most popular products for chemical peels today is glycolic acid. Especially if you have acne or want to remove spots. As a result, you will have radiant skin with a much more uniform tone.


Benefits and risks of chemical peels




Fashion Trends and Style - Chemical exfoliation: What is it, and how does it work?

This procedure can bring many benefits to your skin. Therefore, we tell you some of them:


  • Reduces acne and scars or spots caused by it.
  • Reduces wrinkles.
  • It improves skin texture.
  • Reduces age spots.
  • Reduces inflammation.
  • Reduction of hyperpigmentation that could be caused by exposure to UV rays.
  • It gives greater luminosity to the skin.




Just as it has benefits, chemical peels can also have some risks or disadvantages. That is why we will tell you about them so that you can be as careful as possible. Additionally, it is essential to remember that this procedure is not for everyone.


They are the following:


    • Redness, scabbing, and swelling: This is part of the normal healing process of chemical peels. However, you should stop the procedure and see a professional if symptoms persist. But keep in mind that if you get a deep peel, the redness could last a few months.
  • Scars: In some cases, chemical peels can cause scarring. Especially in the lower part of the face.
  • Changes in skin color: The process can cause hyperpigmentation in some people.
  • Heart, kidney, or liver injury: If you perform a very deep chemical peel, the product can cause injuries to the organs above.


Due to the risks mentioned, it is best to do a gentle exfoliation first and see how your body adapts to the treatment.


Types of chemical peel


There are three types of chemical peels that you should know about before doing one. We tell you:




Fashion Trends and Style - Chemical exfoliation: What is it, and how does it work?

Gentle chemical peel is superficial. In this way, it removes the outer layer of the skin, that is, the epidermis. It is usually applied to treat wrinkles, acne, uneven skin tone, and dryness.


The most commonly marketed products for this type of exfoliation are glycolic or lactic acid. At Fashion Trends, we recommend glycolic acid, especially for acne.




Removes skin cells from the epidermis and some segments or parts of the dermis. This type is mainly used to treat acne scars. Likewise, it can help with uneven skin tone. Especially on the face.


In turn, you may need to repeat the procedure to maintain or achieve the results you want.




Deep chemical peels remove skin cells to a greater extent. Therefore, it can be invasive. So, we recommend asking a dermatologist for advice before doing it.


Additionally, your doctor may recommend it to eliminate deeper wrinkles, scars, or precancerous tumors.


What products can I use for a chemical peel?


If you’ve already spoken to your dermatologist or want to do a light to medium exfoliation, several products can help you. Acids are generally applied.


Glycolic Acid


Fashion Trends and Style - Chemical exfoliation: What is it, and how does it work?

It is an alpha hydroxy acid, or what we know as an AHA. It is one of the most effective and ideal for gentle exfoliation. One of its benefits is that it has anti-aging effects. It also hydrates dry skin and causes it to produce collagen.


You can use it from home, but we still recommend going to the dermatologist since, in some cases, it has quite a few side effects.


The effects you could have are redness and peeling of the skin. It may sting a little when applied. However, if you notice that the itching is very bad, you should rinse as soon as possible.


Salicylic acid


It is a beta-hydroxy acid (BHA). It penetrates deeper into the skin and is effective in treating acne. Unlike glycolic acid, salicylic acid is ideal for oily skin. This way, when applied, it dries excess oil, reducing dead skin and waste.


Also, it can unclog facial pores. And in this way, it helps to take care of acne skin and eliminate it. Clogged pores can also occur from makeup.


Trichloroacetic acid


They are generally used for stronger chemical peels. Its greatest benefits are that as the days pass after application, this acid has rejuvenating effects and softens the skin. However, we recommend that you ask your dermatologist. It is a fairly strong acid, so we do not recommend applying it at home.


How to do it at home?


Fashion Trends and Style - Chemical exfoliation: What is it, and how does it work?

To do your chemical peel successfully, we recommend following the following steps:


  • Clean your face well. You can use a mild cleaner or wash with neutral soap.
  • Apply the product you have chosen for exfoliation with a cotton pad.
  • Let it act for the time indicated in the product instructions.
  • Rinse only with water; do not use soap. Preferably with warm water.
  • Finally, apply a moisturizing cream.


This type of exfoliation, without a doubt, can bring great benefits to your skin. Try and tell us how it goes.


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